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Your Guide to the Different Types of Water Wells

Buying a home or plot of land can seem like a dream until the realities of homeownership kick in.

The dream can stay in tack, however, if you take the necessary precautions for a smooth transition into a new home. One thing you want to lock in is your water source.

Water wells are a viable source for you and your family. The thing is, many people don’t know that there are a variety of different types of water wells.

Here is a list of the primary types of wells for you to consider when looking into water sources.

Basic Types of Water Wells

A different type of well can determine your water quality, water flow, and efficiency. You will want to get a comprehensive report from your municipal health department before any installation begins.

Drilled Wells

These puppies are going to be your deepest, most labor-intensive wells. If you’re in need of a water source beyond 30 or 40 feet, you may need a drilled well. Typically the deepest you can go with drilled wells is around 1,000 feet.

Drilled wells consist of a deeply drilled hole, a well screen, pump mechanism, and a casing around the top to prevent contaminants. Depending on the depth of well, you are looking at spending around $25 dollars a foot.

Hand-Driven Wells

If you’re on a budget or have a water source that is relatively shallow, hand-driven wells are a good option. If you’re driving the well by hand, you may be able to dig around 25 to 35 feet. With a machine, you’re going to be able to reach around 50 feet.

A driven well is about one-and-a-half to two inches in diameter. They are pieced together in segments of pipe and must be placed in an area where the water table is around 15 feet from the surface.

The pump for these wells can be located either at the top of the well or somewhere in your home. The well can connect to a pump in your home if you attach a pipe fitting to the top of the first frost-line and connect it there.

One downfall of driven wells is that they have a decent risk of being contaminated if your plot of land falls somewhere near a construction site, or another area where the land is being altered.

Dug Wells

As the title implies, hand dug wells are typically uncovered by a person using a shovel or other tool. Doing so requires the individual to dig below the water table until the rate of incoming water is too high to continue.

An advantage of these wells is that they have the ability to access water from difficult sediment. If you have a site with a lot of clay or sand, a dug well will be an effective option for you.

Similarly to the hand-driven well, the dug well has a high exposure to contamination. Being that the water is often exposed and the diameter of the well can be quite large, you’ll want to take extra precautions if you live near contaminated areas.

Consult a Professional

If you’re looking into installing a well, be sure to contact a professional to give you more options and examine your property. Contacting your municipal health department in conjunction with a professional would be even more effective.

If you have any more questions or ideas concerning types of water wells, reach out to the professionals and get a deeper insight into the world of wells!


Unsure of what type of water well would be best for your property? Call Pump It Up Pump Services, the experienced Arizona water well pump installation contractors at 623-582-5069 today! They can help you choose the best well for your home.

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